Red Seal Trades: What They Are & How to Get Into One

Red Seal ChefGoing into one of the Red Seal trades can be an excellent career option. Why? Because Canada needs a lot more skilled tradespeople in order to remain globally competitive. In fact, certified journeymen* play crucial roles in the growth and vibrancy of the nation's economy.

But many employers find it hard to fill their job openings. They want to hire well-qualified workers. And that means they need an easy way to recognize them. As a result, having a Red Seal endorsement is often the best credential a tradesperson can possess. It is widely accepted by Canadian employers as proof of skills within a particular trade.

Of course, getting that stamp of approval first requires getting appropriate training. For Red Seal occupations, that involves being a registered apprentice. It's the standard route taken by thousands of people who want to establish a reliable career.

For example, in 2014 alone, more than 451,000 apprenticeships were registered across the country. And a lot of them were for people seeking to change their careers to something viable and satisfying. Check it out: About 43 percent of the registrations were for adults aged 30 and older. And roughly 18 percent were for those above age 40.1

Clearly, lots of people have recognized the employment possibilities that such a vocational path can offer. And they've noticed that you can start taking advantage of some of those opportunities at almost any age.

So why not explore this option a little more? Here are answers to nine of the most commonly asked questions:

* In this article, we use the terms "journeyman" and "journeymen" since they are the most common ways to refer to fully certified tradespeople. But they are meant to encompass both men and women, just like the term "journeyperson."


Red Seal Trades: What They Are & How to Get Into One

1. What Exactly Is the Red Seal Program?

Red Seal MechanicIt's one of the ways that Canada helps ensure that people have the opportunity to:

  • Learn trade skills that closely match the needs of today's employers
  • Move anywhere in the country with confidence that those skills will be recognized

Officially known as the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program, it provides a system for industries to define common, Canada-wide skill standards. Through the voluntary program, a provincially certified tradesperson can receive an official endorsement that signifies that his or her knowledge and abilities meet the national industry standard. Some people also refer to the program or its components with the unofficial acronym "IP" (short for "interprovincial").

2. What Is a Red Seal Trade?

At the most basic level, it's simply a vocation for which you can get a Red Seal endorsement. Of course, not all vocations qualify. Only certain kinds of "compulsory trades" are part of the Red Seal program. A compulsory trade is a vocation that requires a person to be a registered apprentice, a certified journeyman, or a candidate for certified journeyman status in his or her province or territory.

In 2013, about 77 percent of all registered apprentices in Canada were in Red Seal trades (also known as "designated trades").2

3. What Are the Various Red Seal Trades?

At last count, the program included 56 different trades.2 They include all kinds of hands-on occupations. Each one is deemed a "designated Red Seal trade."

In 2015 alone, the Red Seal program issued more than 27,000 endorsements to people in Canadian trades. That year, the ten most popular designated trades were:2

  • Welder
    • Endorsements issued—2,221
    • Median hourly wage4—$23.17
  • Plumber
    • Endorsements issued—1,819
    • Median hourly wage4—$28
  • Carpenter
    • Endorsements issued—1,774
    • Median hourly wage4—$25
  • Industrial mechanic or millwright
    • Endorsements issued—1,430
    • Median hourly wage4—$28.65
  • Heavy-duty equipment technician
    • Endorsements issued—1,349
    • Median hourly wage4—$28
  • Truck or transport mechanic
    • Endorsements issued—1,339
    • Median hourly wage4—$23
  • Cook
    • Endorsements issued—867
    • Median hourly wage4—$12.50 for cooks; $16 for chefs

The full list of Red Seal trades includes other fun vocations such as hairstylist, auto body repairer, and refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic.

4. How Do I Get Red Seal Certification?

Technically, what you get is called a Red Seal endorsement (RSE) even though you may hear some people informally refer to it as a Red Seal certificate. The difference is that an endorsement is an extra level of recognition above your provincial or territorial certificate. The endorsement is national, whereas trade certification is regional.

Before you can get a Red Seal endorsement, you first need to earn a Certificate of Qualification (or equivalent) from your province or territory. And, unless you already have a lot of experience in your chosen trade, this is usually only achieved by completing a registered apprenticeship.

So, with some exceptions, the whole process generally works like the following for anyone who is new to the trades:

  • You find an employer willing to sponsor your apprenticeship. (You can sometimes stand out if you already have a little schooling or experience in the field you've chosen before approaching potential sponsors.) Your sponsor will agree to provide you with paid on-the-job training.
  • You register as an apprentice with your provincial or territorial training authority.
  • Depending on your trade and prior level of experience, you go through two to five years of training. Typically, most of the learning process happens in your sponsor's workplace. The rest of it happens in a classroom environment at an approved school.
  • You take and pass exams at each level of training, followed by a final certification exam to receive your provincial qualification as a journeyman.
  • You pass the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Examination for your trade, which is usually administered through your province's apprenticeship office.

If you already have a lot of experience in a particular trade, then you may be able to challenge the Red Seal exam as a "trade qualifier" or experienced journeyman.

5. What Are Red Seal Grants, and How Do I Get Them?

One of the benefits of undertaking and completing an apprenticeship in a Red Seal trade is that you can qualify for thousands of dollars in grants or loans from the Government of Canada. For example, say you want to become a Red Seal carpenter but have concerns about how you'll cover the extra expenses (such as for good tools, work clothes, or transportation) that may come up during your training. With an apprenticeship grant or loan, you can more easily handle those financial costs.

For people pursuing a Red Seal, Canada offers two grants:

  • The Apprenticeship Incentive Grant—By successfully completing the first or second year (or level of training) of your apprenticeship program, you may qualify for a taxable $1,000 cash grant. By completing both years (or levels), you can qualify for an additional $1,000.3
  • The Apprenticeship Completion Grant—If you successfully complete your entire apprenticeship program and earn journeyman certification in your province or territory, then you may qualify for a taxable $2,000 cash grant.3

In addition to grants, the federal government offers loans for people pursuing designated trades. Canada Apprentice Loans can provide registered Red Seal apprentices with as much as $4,000 per year or period of training. The loans remain interest-free during your training (for up to six years), and you don't have to make any payments during that time. However, these loans aren't offered in Québec.5

Among other eligibility requirements, in order to qualify for these apprenticeship grants or loans, you'll need to be:

  • Out of high school
  • A Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or protected person
  • Officially registered as an apprentice in a Red Seal trade or have proof of journeyman certification

6. What's On the Red Seal Exam?

Every designated trade has its own Red Seal exam. So the specific content depends on which vocation you've been training for. Your exam will be based on the National Occupational Analysis (NOA) (i.e., the national set of standards) for your trade. That means it will cover areas such as:

  • The tasks and activities of your trade
  • Technical and trade-specific terminology
  • Safety procedures
  • Necessary skills for your trade
  • The tools and equipment used in your trade

Your exam may also test your ability to perform trade-related math, read and understand diagrams, use the imperial and/or metric systems, and solve trade-related problems. Every exam consists of between 100 and 150 multiple-choice questions, which all have equal importance.

Here are some other things about Red Seal exams that are useful to know:

  • You're allowed up to four hours to complete your exam.
  • You can write your exam in either English or French.
  • You'll probably have to pay an exam fee.
  • You'll need to bring a government-issued photo ID along with other materials as listed on your exam confirmation letter.
  • Personal items such as bags, cell phones, and other types of electronics aren't allowed when writing your exam.
  • Depending on your trade, you may be given documents to reference during your exam, such as a diagram booklet, a sheet with mathematical formulas, a code book, or a sheet with acronyms.
  • You need to answer at least 70 percent of the questions correctly in order to pass.
  • It may take as long as four weeks to receive your results.
  • If you don't pass on your first attempt, you may be able to retake the exam after a waiting period. Each province and territory has its own rules about additional attempts.

7. Why Should I Pursue a Red Seal Endorsement?

Red Seal HairstylistEarning your provincial Certificate of Qualification is terrific, even if you live in a region where your trade isn't regulated. After all, most employers prefer to hire people with verified credentials. But if you want to move to a different part of Canada, it can be a real advantage to have an extra mark of distinction.

The best way to ensure you can work in the location you want is to obtain a Red Seal endorsement. It is the only qualification that can provide you with automatic acknowledgement of your skills in any Canadian province or territory where your trade might have regulatory requirements. In short, it's all about giving you mobility.

But it's also a signal to employers that you can provide excellent workmanship. It gives them assurance in your abilities—which can give you a major edge in the job market.

8. Where Do I Register for a Red Seal Apprenticeship?

Go to an office in your region for the government department that's responsible for handling trade certification. Each province and territory has one:

In 2015, when it came to the number of Canadians who pursued a Red Seal, Ontario came out on top with 8,388 endorsements issued. Alberta was next at 8,224 endorsements. And coming in third with 4,966 endorsements for people in Red Seal trades, BC proved that it's also one of the most popular places in the country for pursuing a designated trade.2

9. Which Schools Can Help Me Get Started in a Red Seal Trade?

Canada is home to lots of vocational schools that specialize in helping people prepare for a Red Seal apprenticeship. In fact, you might want to look into your region's culinary, beauty, and skilled trades programs. From baking and pastry programs to electrician and HVAC courses, plenty of hands-on educational opportunities exist. Start narrowing down your options by entering your postal code in the trade school finder below!



1 Statistics Canada, website last accessed on September 8, 2016.

2 Red Seal Program, website last accessed on February 23, 2017.

3 Employment and Social Development Canada, Apprenticeship Grants, website last accessed on February 23, 2017.

4 Government of Canada, Job Bank, website last visited on March 24, 2017.

5 Employment and Social Development Canada, Canada Apprentice Loan Basics, website last visited on February 23, 2017.